Buccal Mass (buccal + mass)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Fine needle aspiration biopsy of epithelioid hemangioendothelioma of the oral cavity: Report of one case and review of literature

Guo-Xia Tong M.D., Ph.D.
Abstract Epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (EHE) is an uncommon vascular tumor with biological behavior intermediate between hemangioma and angiosarcoma. It rarely occurs in the oral cavity. We report a case of an 81-yr-old woman with a 2-mo history of a 2 2 cm2 submucosal buccal mass. Fine needle aspiration (FNA) smears were paucicellular and showed mainly single atypical large epithelioid cells in a bloody background. The atypical cells had abundant dense cytoplasm, some with fine vacuoles. Occasionally, cells with large cytoplasmic lumina were seen. Cytology preparations from fresh tissue received for frozen section revealed numerous neoplastic cells with large intracytoplasmic lumina, some of which contained red blood cells. In addition, cells with distinct intranuclear inclusions were present. Histologic sections and immunohistochemical stains confirmed the diagnosis of EHE. Although the histologic features of EHE are well recognized, reports of FNA cytology findings are sparsely existent in the literature as several case reports. The characteristic cytological features of EHE are reviewed in this report. We believe that the diagnosis of this rare tumor can be suggested when an adequate FNA specimen is obtained. Diagn. Cytopathol. 2006;34:218,223. 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]

Three-dimensional reconstruction of the odontophoral cartilages of Caenogastropoda (Mollusca: Gastropoda) using micro-CT: Morphology and phylogenetic significance

Rosemary E. Golding
Abstract Odontophoral cartilages are located in the molluscan buccal mass and support the movement of the radula during feeding. The structural diversity of odontophoral cartilages is currently known only from limited taxa, but this information is important for interpreting phylogeny and for understanding the biomechanical operation of the buccal mass. Caenogastropods exhibit a wide variety of feeding strategies, but there is little comparative information on cartilage morphology within this group. The morphology of caenogastropod odontophoral cartilages is currently known only from dissection and histology, although preliminary results suggest that they may be structurally diverse. A comparative morphological survey of 18 caenogastropods and three noncaenogastropods has been conducted, sampling most major caenogastropod superfamilies. Three-dimensional models of the odontophoral cartilages were generated using X-ray microscopy (micro-CT) and reconstruction by image segmentation. Considerable morphological diversity of the odontophoral cartilages was found within Caenogastropoda, including the presence of thin cartilaginous appendages, asymmetrically overlapping cartilages, and reflexed cartilage margins. Many basal caenogastropod taxa possess previously unidentified cartilaginous support structures below the radula (subradular cartilages), which may be homologous to the dorsal cartilages of other gastropods. As subradular cartilages were absent in carnivorous caenogastropods, adaptation to trophic specialization is likely. However, incongruence with specific feeding strategies or body size suggests that the morphology of odontophoral cartilages is constrained by phylogeny, representing a new source of morphological characters to improve the phylogenetic resolution of this group. J. Morphol. 2009. 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]

Localization of putative nitrergic neurons in peripheral chemosensory areas and the central nervous system of Aplysia californica

Leonid L. Moroz
Abstract The distribution of putative nitric oxide synthase (NOS)-containing cells in the opisthobranch mollusc Aplysia californica was studied by using NADPH-diaphorase (NADPH-d) histochemistry in the CNS and peripheral organs. Chemosensory areas (the mouth area, rhinophores, and tentacles) express the most intense staining, primarily in the form of peripheral highly packed neuropil regions with a glomerular appearance as well as in epithelial sensory-like cells. These epithelial NADPH-d-reactive cells were small and had multiple apical ciliated processes exposed to the environment. NADPH-d processes were also found in the salivary glands, but there was no or very little staining in the buccal mass and foot musculature. In the CNS, most NADPH-d reactivity was associated with the neuropil of the cerebral ganglia, with the highest density of glomeruli-like NADPH-d-reactive neurites in the areas of the termini and around F and C clusters. A few NADPH-d-reactive neurons were also found in other central ganglia, including paired neurons in the buccal, pedal, and pleural ganglia and a few asymmetrical neurons in the abdominal ganglion. The distribution patterns of NADPH-d-reactive neurons did not overlap with other known neurotransmitter systems. The highly selective NADPH-d labeling revealed here suggests the presence of NOS in sensory areas both in the CNS and the peripheral organs of Aplysia and implies a role for NO as a modulator of chemosensory processing. J. Comp. Neurol. 495:10,20, 2006. 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]